This workshop is intended to bring the DoD technical and user community, academia, and industry together to review and discuss advances in guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) for Miniature Autonomous Systems. Current trends show that future systems will be miniature (i.e., less than 20 lbs total system weight) for a number of reasons. First, they will be much cheaper to develop and build than current systems. Second, their smaller size will allow them to be carried in large numbers and be compatible with small UAVs for air-launched systems. Also, Miniature Autonomous Systems have the potential to fill the capability gap that is necessary for access to difficult targets such as hardened command and control facilities.
Miniature autonomous systems capable of agile locomotion or flight in urban, forested, and indoor (including transitions from outdoor to indoor) environments present many unique technical challenges to the controls and systems engineer. It is envisioned that the military use of miniature systems will include acquiring, tracking, and engaging non-traditional targets. Such miniature systems will use economies of scale and synergies in time-space trajectories to compensate for individual small payloads with subsequent small chemical and kinetic energies. There are many fundamental technical gaps that must be bridged so that we can build these systems. Today’s small sensor apertures have poor resolution, making a MAS system that can be built today less observable and harder to control. Miniature systems, either airborne or ground-based, have built-in plant nonlinearities and instabilities stemming from the fact that some physical forces (e.g., viscous and friction) become comparable in magnitude to inertial forces. Miniature systems will also face fundamental challenges with insufficient actuation and will need to exploit small but dense power systems and (perhaps distributed) computational resources with limited performance.
A benefit of miniature weapon systems is the potential to greatly limit collateral damage in urban scenarios. However, very precise engagement is required to achieve the desired effects in defeating targets. Urban environments and scenarios offer unique GNC challenges for Miniature Autonomous Systems as well. Since small, agile vehicles will be required to traverse the complex flight environment in so-called “urban canyons” and the possibility exists that such systems will include both outdoor and indoor applications. “Tight” operating environments, clutter, obstacles, and RF interference can create situations where extremely agile GNC techniques are required. All of these applications will challenge GNC technologies for miniature autonomous systems. This workshop offers a review of active programs in the field, a window on significant trends, and the opportunity to present new technology to the community.
The workshop will feature presentations from leaders in the DoD technical and user communities, academia, and industry. The first day of the workshop will feature perspectives from the operations community, and GNC research challenge talks from senior research representatives of the Air Force, Navy, Army, and DARPA. The afternoon of the first day will feature For Official Use Only presentations. The second and third days of the workshop will feature public forum presentations and discussions including a variety of topics including Multi-use Miniature Seekers/Sensors; Advanced Navigation Sensors and Techniques; System Integration Challenges; and Multi-vehicle Cooperative Operations.
Online Abstract Submission Form
Monday, October 26, 2009: FOUO Sessions
8:00 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.
Dr. John Wilcox, AFRL/RW
Dr. Leslie Perkins, AFRL/RB
Dr. Tom Doligalski, ARL/ARO
Mr. Pete Chmelir, Black Dart Project Lead, Joint Electronic Advanced Technology Office, NAVAIR-Weapons Division
Invited Operational Speakers:
Mike Bata, ACC/A8ZW
Maj Travis Woodworth, SOCOM
Col (ret) Hondo Geurts, USSOCOM/SOAL/REO-FW
Marty Drake, CENTCOM
1:30 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
FOUO Program Addresses
Abstracts are being accepted for this session which review and/or discuss advances in guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) for Miniature Autonomous Systems which must be presented in an FOUO environment.
Tuesday, October 27, 2009
Public Access Sessions Day 1
8:00 a.m. - 8:40 a.m.
Keynote Speaker: Prof. Rob Wood, Harvard University Microrobotics Lab
8:45 a.m. - 12:15 p.m.
Miniature Multi-Function Seekers/Sensors
Capability gaps are often highlighted during conflicts, and the scientific community is tasked to develop technical solutions to fill these gaps. Given the proliferation of UAVs, we have an opportunity to capitalize on these platforms to perform more than just the typical ISR function. Adding a precision strike capability against challenging target sets in confined urban environments requires smaller, more maneuverable UAVs. Additionally, miniature systems may have increased seeker/sensor requirements at the small scale. This will place strict requirements on the development of miniature, multifunction sensors/seekers enabling this capability. This session will highlight sensor/seeker technologies, and requirements which support this capability.
Dr. Bill Humbert, AFRL/RWGS
Dr. Bryce Schumm, AFRL/RYJM
1:30 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Advanced Navigation Techniques
This session focuses on advanced navigation techniques and methods for Miniature Autonomous Systems. In order to obtain robust position, navigation, and time (PNT) knowledge for a variety of Miniature Autonomous Systems, it is necessary to take advantage of new types of sensors and/or use existing sensors in innovative ways. This session will describe techniques and methods (vision-based navigation, gravity field navigation, magnetic field navigation, etc.) that exploit data from various sensors (i.e., cameras, laserbased systems, millimeter-wave radar, magnetometers, RF-based navigation sensors, combined communication/navigation systems, MEMS-based inertial systems, high sensitivity GPS, etc.). Of particular interest are PNT systems that operate where standard GPS is not available or is only partially available. Included in the concept of PNT are position, velocity, attitude, and precise time information.can work in situations where standard GPS is not available or is only partially available. Included in the concept of PNT are position, velocity, attitude, and precise time information.
Dr. TJ Klausutis, AFRL/RWGI
Dr. John Raquet, AFIT
Wednesday, October 28, 2009
Public Access Sessions Day 2
8:00 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.
System Integration Challenges
Future GNC challenges for miniature autonomous systems will require novel integration approaches. This session focuses on the issues and challenges facing current and future GNC hardware and software algorithms for multisensor fusion in miniature systems. This session will feature innovative solutions used to integrate the hardware and software into a miniature “system of systems”. That In order to meet the size, weight, and power restrictions associated with miniature systems, sensors will need to be multi-functional. For example, a Ladar could serve as a sensor and a line-of-site communication signal. Presentations discussing new ways of integrating traditional or innovative sensors are of interest.
Mr. Johnny Evers, AFRL/RWAV
Mr. Harris Edge, ARL
1:30 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.
Controlling Miniature Autonomous Systems
Miniature systems, either airborne or ground-based, have built-in plant nonlinearities and instabilities stemming from the fact that physical properties do not scale linearly nor proportionally. The viscous and friction forces may become comparable in magnitude to inertial forces at this scale. This session will focus on current research activities to meet the needs of plant observability, controllability, and stability for small autonomous systems. Research activities include: robust, distributed sensing and actuation architectures that exploit low quality sensors and low power effectors; adaptive control strategies that take advantage of environmental features whenever possible; and cooperative or networked approaches that use synergies of multiple entities to achieve a greater effect. Papers that illustrate modeling and application of control methodologies to micro systems are also of great interest.
Dr. Rob Murphey, AFRL/RWGN
Mr. Sean Regisford, AFRL/RBCA
Online Abstract Submission Form
Abstract Submission: Abstracts Due: July 31, 2009
All abstracts submitted should be written for public release and submitted via the ION's website no later than July 31, 2009.
Abstracts should describe objectives, results, conclusions and the significance of your work.
Abstracts may also be e-mailed to firstname.lastname@example.org as a Microsoft Word or text file. Be sure to include your presentation title, the most appropriate session for your presentation, a list of all authors and affiliations, and the primary contact author's complete mailing address, phone, fax and e-mail.
Once received, the abstract title and corresponding primary author will be posted weekly on the ION website. If your name does not appear after two weeks please call the Institute of Navigation. Authors will be notified of acceptance in September and sent an electronic author's kit with presentation guidelines.
Sessions are presentation only. Non-FOUO presentations will be made available to workshop attendees through the ION's web site. An electronic copy of the final workshop presentation with signed release form must be received by the ION National Office by October 30, 2009.
All presenters are required to pay workshop registration fees.
LOCATION & HOTEL RESERVATIONS
All workshop sessions will be held at the Emerald Coast Conference Center, 1250 Miracle Strip Parkway, SE, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, 32548.
There are numerous hotels available in the area that provide government rated rooms.
REGISTRATION INFORMATION: REGISTER ONLINE!
Online registration will begin in August 2009
Registration includes all sessions, refreshment breaks and on-line access to public release presentations that have been submitted by the author. Lunch is on your own.
Registration Received and Paid by October 5: ION Member Rate: $325 Non-Member Rate: $395
Registration Received or Paid after October 5: ION Member Rate: $415 Non-Member Rate: $485